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UCLA Scientists Pioneer a New Approach to a More Effective Flu Vaccine

Influenza virus particles. UCLA scientists developed a new technique to identify and eliminate the virus’s defense mechanisms. Courtesy of National Institute on Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH More than 700,000 Americans were hospitalized due…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Flu May Be Spread Just By Breathing, New Research Shows

A study participant sits in the Gesundheit II machine, which is used to capture and analyze influenza virus in exhaled breath at the University of Maryland School of Public Health. Courtesy of University of Maryland It is easier to spread the influenza…

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Researchers Begin Isolating Blood-Feeding and Non-Biting Genes in Mosquitoes

Researchers have taken the first step on a path that eventually could result in female mosquitoes that no longer bite and spread diseases. A group of scientists at the University of Birmingham, University of Oregon, Oregon Health and Science University…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Genomic Sequencing Could Identify Infecting Organisms After Joint Replacement

Joint replacement surgery carries the risk of developing an infection in the replaced joint, which can lead to a so-called revision or re-do of the joint replacement. However, current diagnostic practices can fail to detect bacteria in 30 percent to 50…

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Cochrane Review Says Reminding People About Vaccinations Can Increase Rates of Immunization

Rates of immunization against infectious diseases in children and adults are improving, but under-vaccination remains a problem that results in vaccine-preventable deaths and illnesses. In Europe, 11,316 cases of measles were reported during 2012, and …

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Cellular Mechanism for Severe Viral Hepatitis is Identified

Treg cells from acute hepatitis A (AHA) patients produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF) andhave reduced suppressive activity. These changes are due to a decrease in FoxP3 transcription factor and an increase in RORγt transcription factor. TNF-produc…

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Wistar Institute Awarded Grant to Create a Malaria Vaccine Through Synthetic DNA-Based Technology

The Wistar Institute announces it has been awarded a $1,494,972 grant by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to advance a DNA-based vaccine candidate for protection against malarial infection utilizing a synthetic DNA platform created in the lab of…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Multivalent Antibodies Show Effectiveness for HIV Prevention and Promise for Treatment and Cure

David Margolis, MD. Courtesy of David Kinton, UNC School of Medicine The ability of HIV to mutate has been a major challenge to vaccine development. As the body produces antibodies to target the outer HIV envelope protein, this protein changes, thwarti…

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SHEA Announces New Public Health Scholarship

In 2018, the SHEA Education & Research Foundation (SHEA/ERF) established SHEA/ERF Public Health Scholarships to promote the training and advancement of public health professionals who work in various capacities related to infection prevention and a…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

IDSA Issues Statement on PAHPA Reauthorization

The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has issued the following statement: “The January 17 Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee hearing in preparation for reauthorization of the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act pro…

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Breakthrough Enables Screening Millions of Human Antibodies for New Drug Discovery

DeKosky lab members Natalie Bui (undergraduate summer student) and Tiffany Nguyen (post-doctoral researcher) measuring DNA in a sample. Courtesy of Kelly Tong A paper just published in Nature Biotechnology outlines a pioneering method of screening a pe…

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Fresh Approach to TB Vaccine Offers Better Protection

A unique platform that resulted in a promising HIV vaccine has also led to a new, highly effective vaccine against tuberculosis that is moving toward testing in humans. The new vaccine completely protected 41 percent and reduced overall TB disease by 6…

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Kupffer Cells Adjust Balance Between Pathogen Control and Hepatocyte Regeneration

Inflammation of the liver can result from different causes. Besides infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), other viruses such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) are able to trigger acute hepatitis. Sometimes hepatitis induces fever …

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

CDC Flu Update: All States Except Hawaii Reporting Widespread Activity

Influenza activity increased again in this week’s FluView report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). All U.S. states but Hawaii are reporting widespread flu activity. Indicators used to track influenza-like-activity (ILI) a…

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Prompt Use of Antivirals is Key This Flu Season

A recent sharp increase in influenza A(H3N2) activity in the United States has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to release a health advisory emphasizing the importance of its antiviral treatment recommendations this season….

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3M Submits 510k Application for 24-Minute Readout for Steam Sterilization Assurance

3M announces its submission for 510(k) clearance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for its Attest™ Super Rapid System for Steam Sterilization, which will provide biological indicator (BI) results in 24 minutes. The clearance of a f…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Are Amoebae Safe Harbors for Plague?

These are fluorescent confocal images of amoebae after experimental co-culture with Yersinia pestis. Courtesy of David Markman/Colorado State University Amoebae, single-celled organisms common in soil, water and grade-school science classrooms, may pla…

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Memory Loss From West Nile Virus May Be Preventable

More than 10,000 people in the United States are living with memory loss and other persistent neurological problems that occur after West Nile virus infects the brain. Now, a new study in mice suggests that such ongoing neurological deficits may be due…

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An eNose is Able to Sniff Out Bacteria That Cause Soft-Tissue Infections

A recent study conducted at the University of Tampere, Tampere University of Technology, Pirkanmaa Hospital District and Fimlab in Finland has concluded that an electronic nose (eNose) can be used to identify the most common bacteria causing soft-tissu…

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Genus-wide Aspergillus Project Highlights New Functional Genome Annotation Methods

Colonies of Aspergillus (clockwise from top left): A. campestris; A. ochraceoroseus; and, A.steynii. These 3 species were among those whose genomes were sequenced in the study. Courtesy of Kirstine Ellen Lyhne, DTU Found in microbial communities around…

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Previous Influenza Virus Exposures Enhance Susceptibility in Another Flu Pandemic

Dr. Matthew Miller. Courtesy of McMaster University While past exposure to influenza A viruses often builds immunity to similar, and sometimes different, strains of the virus, Canadian researchers are calling for more attention to exceptions to that ru…

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Possible Cause of Early Colonial-Era Mexican Epidemic Identified

Åshild J. Vågene conducting lab work at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Courtesy of Elizabeth Nelson An international team, led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (MPI-SH…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Surfers are Three Times More Likely to Have Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in Their Guts

Dr. Anne Leonard interviews surfers on a beach in Cornwall, UK. Courtesy of University of Exeter Regular surfers and bodyboarders are three times more likely to have antibiotic resistant E. coli in their guts than non-surfers, new research has revealed…

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Past Exposures Shape Immune Response in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Infections

Gene changes caused by a given infection are marked as slices of the pie. Shared genomic changes between patients with influenza alone (red), human rhinovirus alone (green) or both viruses simultaneously (blue) are shown as ribbons connecting the slice…

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Scientists Identify Immune Cells That Keep Gut Fungi Under Control

This is opportunistic fungus called candida albicans (red) engulfed by CX3CR1+ phagocytes (green) in the gut villi (blue). Courtesy of Dr. Iliyan Iliev and Dr. Irina Leonardi Immune cells that process food and bacterial antigens in the intestines contr…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

NIH Study Supports Use of Short-Term HIV Treatment Interruption in Clinical Trials

A pill box containing once-daily antiretroviral treatments for HIV infection. Courtesy of NIAID A short-term pause in HIV treatment during a carefully monitored clinical trial does not lead to lasting expansion of the HIV reservoir nor cause irreversib…

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Babies Stir Up Clouds of Bio-Gunk When They Crawl

Brandon Boor, a Purdue University assistant professor of civil engineering and environmental and ecological engineering, together with graduate students Danielle Wagner and Tianren Wu, are studying air quality in indoor environments. Their most recent …

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Variation Between Strains May Account for Differences in Vulnerability to Infection

Scientists have long sought to explain why people respond differently to bacterial infections. In the case of TB, for example, less than 10 percent of those infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis develop severe lung disease, while others remain sympt…

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Dengue Takes Low and Slow Approach to Replication

These cultured cells include one (center) that is infected with a common strain of dengue virus. The genomic material of the virus is highlighted in magenta, and is localized to an area in the host cell where a specialized structure called the endoplas…

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Advice on Qualification Testing After Sterilizer Installation

By Nancy Chobin, RN, AAS, ACSP, CSPM, CFER Q: I am reviewing AAMI ST79 2010.  We recently had two autoclaves installed in our new facility. As I recall, we must do testing as the following: – Three leak tests – Three Bowie–dick tests – Three…

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Re-Programming Innate Immune Cells to Fight Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis, an infectious disease which attacks the lungs, claims a life every 20 seconds and 1.5 million lives worldwide every year. A cure has eluded scientists for more than a century but, now, a Montreal team of researchers may have discovered a …

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Collaborative Reduces CLABSI Rates Through Techniques, Teamwork and Culture Change

By Eugenia K. Pallotto, MD Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are one of the most deadly and costly hospital-associated infections in the U.S. Each year, thousands of patients die and it costs billions to care for patients who dev…

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IPs are Catalysts for Positive Patient Outcomes Through Collaboration With Accrediting Agencies

By Kim Delahanty, RN, BSN, PHN, MBA/HCM, CIC, FAPIC Within the healthcare arena, infection preventionists (IPs) wear multiple hats. One distinct and very important role is that of a catalyst for positive patient outcomes. One of the ways IPs can affect…

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Malaria Parasite Packs Genetic Material for Trip from Mosquitoes to Humans

The parasite that causes malaria has not one, but two, specialized proteins that protect its messenger RNAs — genetic material that encodes for proteins — until the parasite takes up residence in a new mosquito or a human host. A new study by researc…

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CAP Guideline Details HPV Testing in Head, Neck Cancers

Certain head and neck cancers that are positive for high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) have a better prognosis and may need less aggressive treatment. To help ensure that patients with these cancers are accurately diagnosed and effectively t…

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New Expert Guidance on Contact Precautions for Drug-Resistant Infections

New expert guidance released today by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) advises hospitals on determining when they can safely discontinue contact precautions for patients with multidrug-resistant bacteria. The framework, pu…

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CDC Provides Update on Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections

On Jan. 10, 2018, the Public Health Agency of Canada reported that an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157:H7 infections (STEC O157:H7) they had identified linked to romaine lettuce appears to be over. In the United States, the Centers f…

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MERS Antibodies Produced in Cattle are Well Tolerated in Phase 1 Trial

  The round, spiked objects at center are MERS coronavirus particles. Courtesy of NIAID An experimental treatment developed from cattle plasma for Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus infection shows broad potential, according to a …

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Scientists Discover Workings of First Promising Marburg Virus Treatment

An antibody called MR191 can neutralize the deadly Marburg virus. Courtesy of the Ollmann Saphire Lab With a mortality rate of up to 88 percent, Marburg virus can rip through a community in days. In 2005, an outbreak of Marburg virus struck a pediatric…

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CDC Tool Maps Progress Against Antibiotic Resistance in Every State

  Illustration courtesy of the CDC The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today released new data in its Antibiotic Resistance (AR) Investment Map, which shows early progress by states to combat AR. This year’s AR Investment Ma…

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Joint Commission Releases Report on New Maternal Infectious Disease Requirements for Hospitals

HIV and other transmittable diseases can have serious consequences for both a woman and her baby. While some problems may be seen at birth, others may not be noticeable until days, weeks or months later. To improve the identification of mothers upon ad…

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Tiny Antibiotic Beads Fight Infections After Joint Replacement

A hip replacement implant is coated in antibiotic microspheres developed by Terry Clyburn, MD, Houston Methodist orthopedic surgeon. The microspheres are as small as grains of salt and designed to release antibiotics at a level high enough to kill infe…

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Promise of New Antibiotics Lies With Shackling Tiny Toxic Tetherballs to Bacteria

In the SLAY method, each bacterium is genetically engineered to produce a molecule on its cell surface that is part peptide and part tether–like a playground tetherball. This arrangement allows the peptides to mimic free-floating drugs in the human bo…

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Bad Air Quality Along Utah’s Wasatch Front Causes 200-Plus Pneumonia Cases Annually

Inversion traps air pollution over Salt Lake City, Utah. Courtesy of University of Utah Health Air pollution trapped by winter inversions along Utah’s Wasatch Front, the state’s most populated region, is estimated to send more than 200 people to the em…

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Health Department Identifies 10 Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness Using Yelp Reviews Since 2012

The Health Department today announced that since 2012, 10 outbreaks of foodborne illness were identified solely through a computer system jointly created with Columbia University’s Department of Computer Science. Launched in 2012, the computer system t…

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Illnesses Caused by Recreation on the Water Costs $2.9 Billion Annually in the U.S.

Swimming, paddling, boating and fishing account for more than 90 million cases of gastrointestinal, respiratory, ear, eye and skin-related illnesses per year in the U.S. with an estimated annual cost of $2.9 billion, according to a new report by Univer…

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Testing Has High Uptake, Doesn’t Identify Hidden Hepatitis C

A strategy to test the general population for hepatitis B and C viruses in areas of high prevalence had high test uptake but did not detect hidden chronic hepatitis C infections. The study, a public health-primary care collaboration, sought to test ind…

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In Urban Streams, Pharmaceutical Pollution is Driving Microbial Resistance

Microorganisms like bacteria and algae grow in complex assemblages called biofilms — the slimy coatings found on rocks in streambeds. These taxonomically diverse communities are essential to maintaining freshwater health. Courtesy of Sylvia Lee In urb…

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Slow-Release Pill Developed to Deliver HIV Therapeutics

In the fight against the HIV epidemic, medication non-adherence remains a major challenge. Although combination therapies have been successful in managing the disease and can be taken to help prevent its spread, research shows that many patients do not…

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Professor’s Skin Patch Offers Solution to Antibiotic Resistance Crisis

  Professor Ryan Donnelly with a large scale of his microneedles. Courtesy of Queen’s University A team of researchers from Queen’s University Belfast, led by Ryan Donnelly, professor of pharmaceutical technology, is developing a new type of…

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How Good Bacteria Control Your Genes

This is an image of the lining of the large intestine of a mouse. DNA is marked in red with the epigenetic marker known as crotonylation shown in green. Yellow shows areas where crotonylation and DNA are found together. Signals from gut bacteria can ch…

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Cluster of Resistant Tuberculosis Pathogen is Discovered

Between February and November 2016, the Institute of Medical Microbiology at the University of Zurich discovered a multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in eight refugees arriving in Europe from the Horn of Africa. The analyses provided an imp…

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Metabolic Pathway Involved in Immune Response to Zika Also Participates in Neurogenesis

Researchers at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, have identified molecules that serve as markers of Zika in blood serum taken from patients with this viral infection. The finding enabled the group to discover an im…

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Younger Patients Constitute Half of Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Cases

Hospital-acquired pneumonia has long been associated with the elderly and intensive care units (ICU). But according to a new multicenter nationwide study, non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) occurs across all units in all types and size…

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Antibiotic Checklist: Discrepancy Between Reported and Actual Performance

Checklists are increasingly used to measure quality of care. Recently, researchers implemented an antibiotic checklist in nine Dutch hospitals and showed that use of the checklist resulted in more appropriate antibiotic use. While more appropriate anti…

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Systems Approach to Evaluating Urine Culture Ordering and Collection Practices Among Nurses

Inappropriate ordering and acquisition of urine cultures leads to unnecessary treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). Treatment of ASB contributes to antimicrobial resistance particularly among hospital-acquired organisms. Redwood, et al. (20…

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Economic Burden of Hospital Infections Caused by VRE

Nosocomial infections due to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have become a major problem during the last years. The purpose of this study by Puchter, et al. (2018) was to investigate the economic burden of nosocomial VRE infections in a Eur…

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Flu Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Personnel Was 67.6 Percent for Early Season 2017-18

  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that early-season 2017–18 influenza vaccination coverage among healthcare personnel (HCP) was 67.6%, similar to early-season coverage during the 2016–17 season (68.5%). Dur…

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CDC Flu Update: Influenza Activity Spikes

Influenza activity increased sharply again in this week’s FluView report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The number of jurisdictions experiencing high activity went from 21 states to 26 states and New York City and the …

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Repeated Influenza Vaccination Helps Prevent Severe Flu in Older Adults

Repeated vaccination for influenza in older adults reduced the severity of the virus and reduced hospital admissions, found new research published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. A team of Spanish researchers looked at the effect of repeat…

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Lyme Disease and Anesthesia: Five Facts

An article in the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)’s AANA Journal, “Lyme Disease and Anesthesia Considerations,” discusses possible effects of anesthesia on Lyme disease patients undergoing surgery. Here are some impo…

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Behavior of Chlamydia trachomatis May Increase Risks of Female Infertility

Scientists are being urged to consider a new paradigm in the basic biology of a pathogen that appears poised to inflict greater harm on public health due to human sexual practices. In a perspective based on historic and geographic patterns of Chlamydia…

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Novel PET Tracer Identifies and Tracks Bacterial Infection in Lungs

Mice were inoculated with dead K. pneumoniae (10^8 CFU/mL). Imaging was performed for days 1, 2, 3 and 4 using 18F-FDG and 188F-FDS. CT images showed clear inflammation on day 2 and day 3 with corresponding high 18F-FDG uptake on PET. No significant up…

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Life Cycle Analysis of Isolation Gowns Gives the Advantage to Reusables

The American Reusable Textile Association (ARTA) and the International Association for Healthcare Management (IAHTM) have announced the completion of life cycle research comparing the life cycles of reusable versus disposable isolation gowns. The study…

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Research Paves the Way for Treatment Strategies of Multidrug-Resistant Chronic Infections

Antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas infections in cystic fibrosis patients show predictable sensitivities to other classes of antibiotics. A new study made by scientists from the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability at the Technical Univer…

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How Zika Infection Drives Fetal Demise

When human placental tissue (fluorescence microscopy image shown) is exposed to interferon-ß, it develops syncytial knots, which appear as protruding bulges, not seen in healthy tissue. Courtesy of Yockey et al., Science Immunology (2018) A power…

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From Stewardship to Scopes: Infection Prevention Imperatives for 2018

Stewardship and scopes are just two issues that are top of mind for stakeholders in infection prevention and healthcare epidemiology for the new year. Let’s explore the imperatives, as suggested by leaders in the infection prevention and control commun…

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Supercharged Antibiotics Could Turn Tide Against Superbugs

Pictured is Dr. Mark Blaskovich. The number of patients dying from vancomycin-resistant bacteria prompted his team to look at revitalising old antibiotics. Courtesy of University of Queensland An old drug supercharged by University of Queensland resear…

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Common Birth Control Shot Linked to Risk of HIV Infection

Transitioning away from a popular contraceptive shot known as DMPA could help protect women in Sub-Saharan Africa and other high-risk regions from becoming infected with HIV, according to a research review published in the Endocrine Society’s jou…

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DNA Analysis Indicates Hepatitis B Infection Has Existed in Humans for Centuries

A team of scientists has sequenced the complete genome of an ancient strain of the hepatitis B virus (HBV), shedding new light on a pervasive, complex and deadly pathogen that today kills nearly 1 million people every year. While little is known a…

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Understanding Which Clock Genes are Affected by Parasitic Disease Could Guide Therapeutics

Trypanosoma brucei, the parasite that causes the deadly sleeping sickness, is shown in brown feeding on the host tissue. Scientists have determined sleeping sickness is actually a circadian rhythm disorder caused by the acceleration of biological clock…

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Hijacker Parasite Blocked From Infiltrating Blood

A major international collaboration led by Melbourne researchers has discovered that the world’s most widespread malaria parasite infects humans by hijacking a protein the body cannot live without. Pictured are researchers  Dr. Jakub Gruszczyk and…

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Tuberculosis Drugs Work Better With Vitamin C

Studies in mice and in tissue cultures suggest that giving vitamin C with tuberculosis drugs could reduce the unusually long time it takes these drugs to eradicate this pathogen. The research is published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a jou…

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An Unusual Form of Antibiotic Resistance in Pandemic Cholera

Cholera is a devastating disease for millions worldwide, primarily in developing countries, and the dominant type of cholera today is naturally resistant to one type of antibiotic usually used as a treatment of last resort. Researchers at the Universit…

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Macrophage Nanosponges Could Keep Sepsis in Check

A team of researchers at the University of California San Diego has developed macrophage “nanosponges” that can safely absorb and remove molecules from the bloodstream that are known to trigger sepsis. These macrophage nanosponges, which ar…

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AHE Announces New Certificate of Mastery Program

The Association for the Healthcare Environment (AHE) of the American Hospital Association (AHA) announces a new certificate program for strategic leaders in healthcare that will teach advanced skills in value analysis and in determining total cost of o…

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AAAHC Report Pinpoints Weak Spots in Standards Compliance

A new report from the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care (AAAHC) underscores shortcomings and provides a look at high compliance standards across the ambulatory healthcare delivery line. Credentialing and privileging of providers, adh…

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WHO Prequalifies Breakthrough Vaccine for Typhoid

The World Health Organization (WHO) announces that it has prequalified the first conjugate vaccine for typhoid, Bharat Biotech’s Typbar-TCV®. Typhoid conjugate vaccines (TCVs) are innovative products that have longer-lasting immunity than old…

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Nursing Homes Should Require Flu Shots for All Staff and Patients, Poll Indicates

Key findings about what adults over 50 say regarding flu vaccination for residents and staff of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities. Courtesy of University of Michigan As flu season swings into high gear, a new poll suggests that nursing …

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Genetic Changes Help Mosquitoes Survive Pesticide Attacks

For decades, chemical pesticides have been the most important way of controlling insects like the Anopheles mosquito species that spreads malaria to humans. Unfortunately, the bugs have fought back, evolving genetic shields to protect themselves and th…

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ADHD Medications May Reduce the Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infection

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increases the risk of subsequent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescent and young adult populations by about three times, reports a study published in the January 2018 issue of the Journa…

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Randomness is a Key in Spread of Disease

An unfortunate church dinner more than 100 years ago did more than just spread typhoid fever to scores of Californians. It led theorists on a quest to understand why many diseases – including typhoid, measles, polio, malaria, even cancer – take so much…

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Flu Vaccine Effectiveness During a Season With Mixed Outbreaks of Four Influenza Viruses in Canada

The Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) Network was established to monitor seasonal influenza complications among hospitalized Canadian adults and to assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccination against severe outcomes. Andrew, et al. (2017) …

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Factors Influencing Microbial Colonies in the Air of Operating Rooms

Shaw, et al. (2018) say the operating room (OR) of the hospital is a special unit that requires a relatively clean environment. The microbial concentration of an indoor OR extrinsically influences surgical site infection rates. The aim of this stu…

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Americans’ Attitudes About Science in 2017: High Confidence, Low Visibility

Scientists and the nation’s scientific enterprise remain largely invisible to the public, according to national public opinion surveys commissioned by Research!America in 2017. Yet public perception of science is positive with a majority (67%) in agree…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

CDC Flu Update: Number of States Reporting Widespread Flu Activity Jumps to 36

According to this week’s FluView report, seasonal influenza activity increased sharply in the United States. The number of states reporting widespread flu activity jumped from 23 to 36, the proportion of samples testing positive for influenza at …

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

CDC Investigating Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), several states, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration are investigating a multistate outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157:H7 infections (STEC O157:H7) in 13 states. Seventeen illnesses…

Source: http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/RSS-Feeds/news-and-articles.aspx

Researchers Inhibit Ebola Virus

A single enzyme — that is all the researchers behind a new study need to manipulate to prevent the feared Ebola virus from spreading. Because with the enzyme they also take away the virus’ ability to copy itself and thus produce more virus particles a…

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Statistical Test Relates Pathogen Mutation to Infectious Disease Progression

Nucleic acid sequencing methods, which determine the order of nucleotides in DNA fragments, are rapidly progressing. These processes yield large quantities of sequence data–some of which is dynamic — that helps researchers understand how and why orga…

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Scientists Say It’s Time to Rethink That Strep Throat Remedy

Group A Streptococci, colored yellow, are the most common culprits in bacterial upper respiratory infections. The Georgia Tech researches suggest finding alternatives to broader spectrum antibiotics to take care of such ailments in order to preserve an…

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Gene Therapy Using CAR T-Cells Could Provide Long-Term Protection Against HIV

Scanning electromicrograph of an HIV-infected T cell. Courtesy of NIAID Through gene therapy, researchers engineered blood-forming stem cells (hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, or HSPCs) to carry chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) genes to make cells t…

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Multimodal Intervention Can Reduce PIVC Insertion in the Emergency Department

Before and after study: 10 week multimodal intervention. Courtesy of Kirsty Challen, BSc, MBChB, MRes, PhD, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, United Kingdom. Peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) insertion in the emergency department can be reduced using …

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A Double Strike Against Tuberculosis

In search of new strategies against life-threatening tuberculosis infections, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), as well as Harvard University and Texas A&M University have found a new ally. They discovered a substance that inter…

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Readability and Accessibility are Keys to Patient Information on HAIs

Park and Seale (2017) say that provision of information plays a critical role in supporting patients to be engaged or empowered to be involved with infection prevention measures in hospitals. Their explorative study evaluated the suitability, read…

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CDC Flu Update: H3N2 Viruses Continue to Predominate

According to this week’s FluView report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), seasonal influenza activity increased sharply in the United States. The number of states reporting widespread flu activity jumped from 12 to 23, th…

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Bacteria Acquire Resistance From Competitors

The T6SS (green, magenta) mediated killing and lysis of competing bacteria can lead to DNA release (cyan) and subsequent gene transfer. Courtesy of University of Basel, Biozentrum Bacteria not only develop resistance to antibiotics, they also can pick …

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Researchers Report How T Cells Navigate the Rough-and-Tumble Environment of the Bloodstream

To eradicate pathogens or counteract inflammation, cells of the immune system move through often rapid blood flow toward peripheral disease sites, such as skin, gut or lung. Thus a goal of immunologists has been to define the repertoire of molecules th…

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Scientists Establish Benchmarks for HIV Vaccine Candidates

The development of a vaccine that protects against HIV infections has proven extraordinarily difficult. One of the reasons is that naïve precursor B cells that can give rise to mature B cells producing broadly neutralizing antibodies—a requi…

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Cornell researchers monitor blood pressure with RFID

The medical sector has always been a sweet spot for RFID. Some day, the use of RFID in medical could be far more significant than in retail. Although retailers have benefited greatly from higher inventory accuracy and consumer engagement enabled by RFID, medical use cases could save lives. Researchers at Cornell University, for example, recently […]

Source: http://rfid24-7.com

Selective Suppression of Inflammation Could Deplete HIV and Control HIV Activation

A class of anti-inflammatory drugs already FDA-approved for rheumatoid arthritis could “purge” the reservoir of infected immune cells in people infected by HIV, according to new research. When culturing cells from HIV-infected individuals, …

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